Just 15 minutes from Loutraki, one of the most important sights of Greece. The Isthmus, this narrow strip of land that united the Peloponnese with Sterea Hellas and where its canal has joined the Corinthian with the Saronic Gulf.
The Isthmus or Channel, as it is customary to say, has been a strategic point of the country since antiquity, since its opening would facilitate navigation and trade.
The first to have the idea of opening the canal was the tyrant of Corinth Perandros in 602 BC. who, due to technical difficulties, abandoned the project and instead constructed the dolyco, a terrestrial stone ramp on which the ships moved from one side of the Isthmus to the other.
Both Julius Caesaras and Caligula studied and tried to open but they also failed because of lack of modern equipment. The first most serious effort was made by Nero in 67 AD. who used thousands of workers but with his death the work was again abandoned. Herod the Attic was arrested while attempts were made on the Byzantine Empire, which were also stopped for various reasons.
With the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century technological development eventually allowed the realization of an idea over 2000 years. With the end of the opening of the Suez Canal, the Greek government decided to "cut the Isthmus". Work began in April 1882 and after difficulties the majestic inauguration took place on July 25, 1893.
The canal cuts the Strait to a length of 6,346 m. Its width at the surface of the sea is 24,6 m and its depth is 21,3 m. Its depth varies between 7,50 and 8 m. the total volume of the excavated land for its construction reached 12 million cubic meters.
Today, Isthmus, is an international hub of shipping and serves about 12,000 ships annually, of all nationalities. It is also the second most visited site in the country after the Parthenon, and there is also the possibility of passing through the tourist boats of the area. In the Isthmus, many sporting events such as bungee jumping, swimming along the canal, Stand Up Paddle races, and large companies have carried out breathtaking activities such as a small airplane within the canal and a machine jumping in width of the canal at its highest point!